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101st Air Refueling Wing
101st Air Refueling Wing History
The first Air National Guard Unit to be organized in Maine was the Headquarters, 101st Fighter Group, which was a component of the 67th Fighter Wing with Headquarters at Logan Airport, Boston, Massachusetts. The 101st Fighter Group was federally recognized on 4 February 1947 with station at Camp Keyes, Augusta, Maine. Additional units of the 101FG were organized and federally recognized on 5 February 1947 and stationed at Dow Air Force Base, Bangor, Maine. (
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101 ARW History
Among the first units that created the history of the 101st Air Refueling Wing were:
132nd Fighter Squadron
201st Air Service Group
201st Air Service Group, Det. A
132nd Weather Station
- Command transferred to Continental Air Command
- Reorganization into a "Wing-Base" in order to standardize the Guard units with their active duty counterparts. This provided for additional supporting Medical, Service, Transportation and Base Operating elements.
- The newly organized support elements were eliminated from the 132nd Fighter Squadron and personnel were transferred into the following newly activated squadrons
101st Maintenance Squadron
101st Supply Squadron
101st Motor Vehicle Squadron
101st Communications Squadron
101st Air Police Squadron
101st Food Service Squadron
101st Installation Squadron
- Called to active service for a period of 21 months to serve in the Korean Conflict.
- Unit was inactivated for the remainder of their 21 months.
- To facilitate returning Air National Guard Units each state created a Headquarters. Maine State Headquarters, Camp Keyes, Augusta was organized and federally recognized on 19 March 1952.
- 21 months after the 101st had been ordered to active duty the units were returned to state control.
- The first nurses were assigned to the Maine Air National Guard.
- Responsibility for training and inspection of the ANG was transferred from the Continental Air Command to the Air Defense Command.
December 1960 - The 101st Fighter Group was released from its duty on 15 April 1956 in New Hampshire and reassigned and reactivated in the State of Maine.
- 101st Fighter Group reorganized into the Double Deputy system of Command and Management.
- Air Defense Command reorganized its Continental Air Defense forces to a numbered Air Force/Air Division Organization. The 101st Air Defense Wing was assigned to the 36th Air Division located at Topsham AF Station, Maine and to Headquarters, First Air Force located at Stewart Air Force Base, New York.
- A reduction in aircraft from 25 to 18.
- The 101st USAF Dispensary became the 101st USAF Clinic.
- KC135s were assigned to the unit and the gaining command was changed from Air Defense Command (ADC) to Strategic Air Command (SAC).
- The Wing along with all other Air Guard Units, underwent reorganization into the Tri-Deputy organizational structure.
- First ANG unit to host a Tanker Task Force. AUG 1990 - Selected Units mobilized in support of Desert Storm.
- Gaining Command changed from SAC to Air Mobility Command (AMCE)
- Northeast Tanker Task Force (NTTF) began operation.
The 101st stands as one of the most recognized and decorated Air National Guard units A review of our detailed history and accomplishments proves that the Maine Air National Guard not merely survived evolution and change, but has become a streamlined model of efficiency and effectiveness for the entire Air Force and National Guard.
101 ARW History Photos
KC-135 A/E/R 1976-Present
Mexican Border Crisis
World War I
World War II
The Bay of Pigs
Cuban Missile Crisis
Persian Gulf Crisis
After The Storm
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United States Army Center of Military History
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National Museum of the United States Air Force
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Society for Military History
Naval History and Heritage Command
United States Army Heritage and Education Center
United States Marine Corps History Division
Air Force Historical Foundation